International Council Correspondence / Living Marxism / New Essays, 1934-1943

by cominsitu

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 9-10 (October 1937)



Brought together here are references to all the publications by the International Council Correspondence-group in Chicago, Illinois, USA, originally named “United Workers’ Party”; the party-name was dropped early 1936. The periodical was published in ever bigger volumes with ever longer articles but appearing ever less frequent, discontinued in 1943.

The whole series of periodicals: International Council Correspondence; Living Marxism (International Council Correspondence); and New Essays, but without the pamphlets, was reprinted in 1970 in five volumes: in photographic reproduction of reduced size without transcription, edition, annotation or source, by the in 2015 still existing Greenwood Reprint Corporation , Westport, Connecticut, under the general title “New Essays”; with a short introduction in the first volume by Paul Mattick sr. (see below).

The first volume can also be found as pdf at: , in a much smaller file of lower resolution and without optical character recognition. For complete scans in a better resolution but also without (searchable) optical character recognition, also see , posted by Stephen, 13 May 2014; in September 2015 we were unaware of the existence of this publication as proper references to the whole series and tables of content were missing; since, we have given permission to  to reproduce the scans made by us.

An anonymous incomplete table of contents, apparently originally compiled by Bjarne Avlund Frandsen (a source is not given), and amended, with links to html-versions of some of the texts, can be found at . One might doubt the attribution of some articles to Paul Mattick; sources are not given.

Another one, with some texts and some French translations attached (1) at: La Bataille socialiste  (libertarian marxist blog).

Among the original group in Chicago: Paul Mattick, Rudolf (Rüdiger) Raube, Carl Berreitter, Al Givens, Kristen Svanum, Allen Garman (edited Paul Mattick’s essays), Frieda Mattick; later joined by: Karl Korsch, Walter Auerbach (author and co-author with Paul Mattick), Fritz Henssler (negociated possible mergers with other journals), and the New York group: Walter Boelke, Wendeling Thomas, Hans Schaper, Emmy Tetschner, Mary MacCollum. Living Marxism in Chicago in the late 1930’s: Jake Faber, Emil White, Sam Moss, Dinsmore Wheeler (edited Paul Mattick’s essays), Fairfield Porter (financial contributor), Ilse Mattick (2). A regular outside collaborator was Anton Pannekoek. Finally there was Jos. Wagner. For a somewhat “sociological” yet informative introduction to this group, see: The Council Communists between the New Deal and Fascism / Gabriella M. Bonacchi (1976).


Besides the periodicals, the group also published pamphlets, which are hard to find and which sell (in 2015) at $35 each. If you dispose of any of these, or can copy them, please make them publicly available, inform us, or send them directly to us.

 Bolshevism of Communism  On the Question of a New Communist Party and the “Fourth” International. – Chicago : United Workers Party of America, 1934

Source: Libcom .

  • The Question of a New Communist Party and the “Fourth” International
  • Analyzing Leadership and the Role of the Party

The Crisis and the Labor Movement. – Chicago : United Workers Party of America, 1934.

[Cover missing] World Wide Fascism or World Revolution? Manifesto and Program of U.W.P.  ( – Chicago, March 1934. – 26 p.

Source pdf: Libcom .

  • Preface
  • World Wide Fascism or World Revolution?
    • The Periode of General Crisis for Capitalism
      • The Historic Extent of Capitalistic Development
      • The Accumulation Process of Capitalism
      • The Collapse of Capitalism and its Counter-tendencies
      • Monopoly Capitalism and the Vanishing Counter-tendencies
      • Capitalism in its Death Crisis
    • Tendencies towards “State Capitalism” and “A Planned Economy”
      • The Struggle of the Middle Strata
      • The Agrarian Interests
      • The Tendencies toward a “Planned Economy”
      • The New Deal
    • Fascism
      • The Social Ideology
    • The Old Labor Movement
      • From Social Reform to Social Fascism
      • The Russian Development
      • Bolshevik Traditions
      • The Trade Union Question
      • Participating in Parliamentary Politics
    • The New Revolutionary Labor Movement
      • The Soviets
      • The Role of the Party
  • Program of the United Workers Party of America

 What next for the American Worker?. – Chicago : United Workers Party, 1934. – 29 p.

A popular pamphlet dealing with the present day American conditions and outlining a perspective for the future.

Source: Libcom .

The Bourgeois Role of Bolshevism, 1935

Marxism or Leninism, by Rosa Luxemburg, 1935 [seperate Reprint from the periodical, see below]

The Inevitability of Communism, a Critique of Sidney Hook’s Interpretation of Marx, [by Paul Mattick], 1935

The Workers’ Way to Freedom, 1936

Outline of Production and Distribution in Communism, 1936

Announced in 1936; replaced by the next title.

What Communism really is. The Social Average Labor Time as the Basis of Communist Production and Distribution / [Paul Mattick], 1936

Offprint from What is Communism, International Council Correspondence, Volume I, 1934, No 1, October

The Crisis and the Decline of Capitalism; Marx Theory of Over-Accumulation; The Law of the Falling Rate of Profit; The Permanent Crisis, 1937

Offprint of The Permanent Crisis, International Council Correspondence, Volume I, 1934, No 2, November

Outline Study Course in Marxian Crisis; Based on Vol. I of Capital, by Karl Marx, 1937

Not to be confused with [?]: Outline study course in marxian economics, 1935

International Council Correspondence, Volume 1, 1934-1935

 Cover, preliminary pages and introduction by Paul Mattick

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1934, No 1, October

  • What is Communism? / [Paul Mattick] [Offprinted as What Communism really is, 1936]
  • The U.W.P. Groups / [Paul Mattick]
  • Forthcoming Articles in the Council Correspondence
  • For Those who read German
  • Future of the German Labor Movement
  • Unity for What? Communist Leage and the American Workers Party Move to Form New Party
  • We Wish to Announce: A Monthly Organ of The International Communist Workers’ Council Movement. “Living Marxism”
  • The Strike Wave

  International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1934, No 2, November

  • An Apology
  • An Explanation
  • “The Permanent Crisis”. Henryk Grossmann’s Interpretation of Marx’s Theory of Capitalist Accumulation / [Paul Mattick] [Offprinted in The Crisis and the Decline of Capitalism, 1937]
    • I.
    • II. Accumulation and Crisis
    • III. How Crisis are Overcome
    • IV. Permanent Crisis
  • The Struggle against the Reduction of Unemployment Relief in Amsterdam (From “Rätekorrespondenz”, #4 of the Group of International Communists of Holland)
  • The Class Struggle in Spain / [Paul Mattick]
  • Upton Sinclair on the road to Fascism? / [Paul Mattick]
  • Home Coming. The End of the Trotsky Movement [Cover title: French Trotskyists go over enmass to the Socialist Party] / [Paul Mattick]

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1934, no 3, December

  • Theses on Bolshevism / [Helmut Wagner]
    • I. The significance of Bolshevism
    • II. The proconditions
    • III. The class groupings
    • IV. The essence of Bolshevism
    • V. The directives
    • VI. Bolshevism and the Working Class
    • VII. The Bolshevist REvolution
    • VIII. Bolshevist Internationalism and the National Question
    • IX. State Bolshevism and the Comintern
  • What’s behind the “New Deal” / [Paul Mattick]
  • Notice
  • Announcement of Classes Conducted by U.W.P.
  • Forthcoming Articles in the Council Correspondence
  • In German

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 4, January

  • The Babbits have a program. On the program of the National Association of Manufacturers / [Paul Mattick]
  • Capitalism and planning / [Paul Mattick]
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
    • VIII.
  • On the new program of the “American Workers Party”, by Karl Korsch
      • The “Revolutionary Parliamentarism” of the A.W.P.

    The Trade Union Policy of the A.W.P.

  • In German
  • Notice

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 5, February

  • First Complete English Translation of Leninism or Marxism, by Rosa Luxemburg, Introduction / [Paul Mattick]
  • Leninism or Marxism, by Rosa Luxemburg
    • Part I. Organisational Questions of the Proletarian Revolution
    • II. Dictatorship of the Party or Dictatorship of the Proletariat? (Extract from Rosa Luxemburg’s “The Russian Revolution”)
  • The American Federation of Labor and the Present Crisis / [Paul Mattick]
  • “Marxism without Doctors”, Review at: The Inevitability of Communism. By Paul Mattick
  • Notice

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 6, March

  • Daniel De Leon, by Kristen Svanum
  • Announcements
  • C.C.C. Capitalism’s Conservation Corps / [Paul Mattick]
  • The Scum of Humanity / [Paul Mattick]
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
  • A.F. of L. and Administration Break / [Paul Mattick]
  • Announcements

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 7, April

  • The Basis of Japanese Imperialism [from Rätekorrespondenz]
    • The Declaration of War on European Capital
    • The Tehnical Precondition of Japanese Expansion
    • The “Currency Dumping”
    • Japanese Wages
    • Standard of Living
    • Woman and Child Labor
    • Permanent Agrarian Crisis
    • The Japanese State
    • Conclusion
  • Workers’ Councils and Communist Organization of Economy
    • The Way Backward
    • Wage Labor and State Economy
    • The Problem from the Proletarian Point of View
    • The Workers’ Councils
    • Communist Economy
  • New Pamphlet, The Bourgeois Role of Bolshevism

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 8, May

  • Revolutionary Marxism / [Paul Mattick]
  • Notice
  • The Next World Crisis, the Next World War and the World Revolution (Theses)
  • Remarks on the Theses Regarding the Next World War and the World Revolution, by Karl Korsch
  • Capturing the A.F. and L. / [Paul Mattick]

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 9, July

  • The Americanizing of Marxism
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
  • Marxism and Anarchism, by W.R.B.
    • I. Federalism and Centralism
    • II. Attitude Towards State
  • The Franco-Russian Pact / [Paul Mattick]
  • Inflation / [Paul Mattick]
    • What is Money?
    • How Inflation is being Forced
  • Marxism as a Religion. Critical remarks on “Marxism”, a symposium by John MacMurray, John Middleton Murray, N.A. Holdaway and G.D.H. Cole, by Karl Korsch
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
  • Guy Aldred’s “Mission” [For Communism. A Communist Manifesto. Defining the Worker’s Struggle and the Need of a New Communist International. With a History of the Anti-Parliamentary Movement, 1906-1935. By Guy A. Aldred. 120 pp. 25c. Published in Glasgow, C.l., 145 Queen St., Scotland] / [Paul Mattick]

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 10, August

  • The Rise of a New Labor Movement [by Henk Canne Meijer]
    • The Impotence
    • The Class “in itself” and the Class “for itself”
    • National Socialism
    • The Struggle for Democratic Rights
    • Class Struggle and Communism
    • The Self-Movement of the Masses!
      • a) Meaning of the mass-movement
      • b) Extension of the movement
      • c) The mastery of the class forces through the workers’ councils
    • The New Labor Movement
      • Party or “Work Group”
      • The Work Groups
      • The “Diseases of Childhood”
  • Summary

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 11, September

  • Germany Today / [Paul Mattick]
  • “National Bolshevism”, by H.G.
  • The Brussels Conference [Toward the middle of June, 1935, there was held in Brussels an conference of the international council-communist groups, at which, among others, our German, Dutch and Danish groups were represented] / [Paul Mattick]
  • The Competitors of Fascism / [Paul Mattick]
    • From the “Dictatorship” to the “People’s Government”
    • The Belgian Succes
    • The Triumph of the United Front
    • The Last Congress of the Communist International
  • Read

 International Council Correspondence, [Vol. 1], 1935, no 12, October

  • “Revolutionary Parliamentarism”, by W.T.
  • Anti-Parliamentarism and Council Communism
  • Report from Denmark. 22d Congress of the D.S.P., by L.
  • The Third International in the Opinion of the Bourgeoisie
  • Critical Remarks Concerning “The Rise of a New Labor Movement”, by H.W. [=Helmut Wagner]
  • The Intellectuals, by J.H. [=J.Harper =Anton Pannekoek]
  • To Readers of Council Correspondence

International Council Correspondence, Volume 2, 1935-1936

 Cover, preliminary pages

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1935, no 1, December

  • The Breathing Spell [on cover: Will there be prosperity?] / [Paul Mattick]
  • The Lenin Legend / [Paul Mattick]
  • On the resolution adopted by the Brussels Conference
  • Please Notice
  • Portrait of the Counter-Revolution

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 2, Januari

  • Notes on the War Question / [Paul Mattick]
  • Please Notice
  • Trade-Unionism, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
  • Problems of the New Labor Movement / [Paul Mattick]

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 3-4, March

  • The Development of Soviet Russia’s Foreign Policy / [Not by Paul Mattick, but by “Marxistisk Arbejder Politik”]
    • The Period of the Revolution
    • The First Defeat of the Bolshevik’s Foreign Policy
    • The Period of Civil War
    • The Turn Towards National Self-Assertion
    • Entering International Diplomacy
    • Russia Becomes a Factor of International World Politics
    • The Pacification of Russia’s Western Policy
    • Russia Turns East
    • The Betrayal of the Chinese Workers Revolution
    • On the Way to the “League of Nations”
    • Peace Diplomacy in the World Crisis of Capitalism
    • Entry into the League of Nations
    • The Inner-Political Presuppositions of the Latest Phase of Russian Foreign Policy
    • The Liquidation of the Comintern
    • Conclusion
  • Current Trends in Czechoslovakia / [Paul Mattick]

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 5, April

  • Election Year / [Paul Mattick]
      1. 2. 3.
  • Forthcoming Articles in the Council Correspondence
  • The Miner’s Strike in Belgium
    • The Situation before the Strike
    • The Strike
    • The Trade-Unions choke the Strike
    • The State Participates
    • Conclusion
  • Boom with Twelve Million Unemployed
  • The “Victory” in Spain
  • Marx on Social Reform
  • Workers’ Councils, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
  • [Quote from Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire]
  • Book Reviews / [Paul Mattick]
    • Conze, Edward – The Scientific Method of Rhinking. An Introduction to Dialectical Materialism. Chapman & Hall, Ltd., London, 1935
    • Uphoff, Walter, H. – The Kohler Strike. Its Socio-Economic Causes and Effects. – Chas. H. Kerr & Co., Chicago, 1935

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 6, May

  • The Power of the Classes, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
    • I.
    • II.
  • Communism and Religion [Anton Pannekoek]
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
  • Forthcoming Articles in the Council Correspondence
  • Class Struggle in War (Taken from Räte Korrespondenz)
    • Second World War Inevitable
    • The Ideological Preparation for the Second World War
    • The Jingoism of the “Working Class Movement”
    • National Independence and Leninism
    • The Fourth International (Trotzky Opposition) and “Leninism”
    • Prevention of the War
    • The Enemy is within the Country

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 7, June

  • On the Communist Party, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
    • I.
    • II.
  • The Dictatorship of the Intellectuals (Critical Remarks on the Reflections of Max Nomad) / P.M. [=Paul Mattick]
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 8, July

  • The Defeat in France / [Paul Mattick]
  • Notice
  • The Role of Fascism, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
    • [I.]
    • II.
  • Luxemburg versus Lenin / [Paul Mattick]
    • The Collapse of Capitalism
    • Spontaneity and the Role of Organisation

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 9-10, September

  • The Land of Promise. Report from Palestine [Tel-Aviv]
  • Masters of Tomorrow, by Max Nomad [in reaction to Paul Mattick in International Council Correspondence, Vol. II, no 7]
    • I.
    • II. Fascism and Bolshevism
    • III. “Councils” and Soviets
    • IV. The Permanent Revolution
  • The Party and the Working Class [Anton Pannekoek]

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 11, October

  • The Civil War in Spain / [Paul Mattick]
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, 1936, no 12, November

  • Work Shop Committees in England (Leeds, England)
  • On the Soviet Constitution (The following open letter to Feuchtwanger is taken from the Sozialistische Warte of Aug. 15, 1936, by A. Rudolf, former Soviet official; author of “Goodbye to Russia”.)
  • What must be done? Introducing our new pamphlet “What Communism really is” (The Social Average Labor Time as the Basis of Communist Production and Distribution)
  • To the Reader
  • Max Nomad’s “Masters of Tomorrow” / P.M. [=Paul Mattick]
  • To All the Workers in the World, by The National Confederation of Labor, The Iberian Anarchist Federation
  • The “Popular Front” and Fascism
  • Democracy in Russia
  • Roosevelts Prosperity

International Council Correspondence, Volume 3, 1937

Cover, preliminary pages

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 1, January

  • The Era of good feeling. Roosevelt’s Second Term / [Paul Mattick]
  • State Capitalism and Dicatatorship (From Rätekorrespondenz) / [Anton Pannekoek]
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
  • The Maritime Strike / J.Z. [unlikely Paul Mattick?]
  • A Letter from Germany
  • Notes on The Question of Unemployment / [Paul Mattick]
  • To the Right There is no Limit

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 2, February

  • “Soviet”-Russia Today (From Räte-Korrespondenz)
    • Essential Moments in the Development of Russia During the Last Years
    • Class Relations in Russia in Agriculture
    • The Situation of the Workers
    • Stakhanovism
    • The New Constitution
    • State Capitalism and Communism
  • Russia’s Latest Executions – Why?
  • Outline Study Course in Marxian Economics
  • Fascist Corporatism
    • Before the Seizure of Power
    • Reactionary Corporatism
    • Reformist Corporatism
    • Fascist Corporatism
    • In Germany
    • Capitalist Nagnates Against Corporatism
  • New Strikes – New Methods
  • Two New Marxian Quarterlies (Science and Society and The Marxist Quarterly)
  • New Books
    • Planning the Chaos? (Douglas, Paul H. “Controlling Depressions”, W.W. Norton & Company)
    • The Sociology of Invention (By S.C. Gilfillan – Chicago, 1936)
    • An Outline History of Unemployment (By W.T. Colyer, N.C.L.C. Publishing Society, London 1936)
    • From Hegel to Marx (Studies in the Intellectual Development of Karl Marx by Sidney Hook)
    • Spain Today. Revolution or Counter-Revolution by Edward Conze (Greenberg Publisher, 67 W. 44th St. N.Y. – $1.50)
  • We recommend: “The International Review”

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 3, March

  • The End of a Strike!
  • Supreme Court Reform. New Bood in the Judiciary
    • Those Against the Reform
    • Those in Favor of the Reform
    • Ballyhop For and Against the Issue
    • The Supreme Court is a Bulwark of Capitalism
  • War Prevention Schemes
  • What Next in Spain?
  • The Situation in England (From “Controversy” no 4))
  • On Fluctuation of Wages
    • Rise f the Living Standard
    • The Marxian Law of Wages
    • Limit of Intensification
  • “NOTE: The Council Correspondence often accepts articles from writers who are not affiliated with the Groups of Council Communists. These articles are signed to denote that we do not necessarily endorse the view of the writer entirely. All material presented without signature is to be considered as the collective work of the members of the Groups of Council Communists. We will appreciate suggestions, criticisms and articles.”

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 4, April

  • The Brownshirts of Zionism (Abner Barnatan, Tel Aviv)
  • Child Labor. A Class Issue
    • Exploitation of Child Labor is Necessary to Capitalism
    • The States’ “Legislation” of Child Labor
    • Federal Legislation of Child Labor
    • The Holy Roman Catholic Church
    • To the Ladies!
    • State Maintenance of Children
    • Child Labor under Communism
  • Wages and Prices
  • Shop Delegates’ and Workers’ Control
    • Delegates Insiode the Establishments
    • House Committees
    • The Work of the Delegates
    • The Shop Delegates and the Unions
    • What Remedies?
    • What Can Replace the General Assembly?
    • The Future of the Shop Delegates?
  • Notes on Productivity and Profits
  • Trotsky and Proletarian Dictatorship (H. Smith)
    • The Simple is too Profound
    • What is the Proletarian Dictatorship?

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 5-6, June

  • Anarchism and the Spanish Revolution
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • Foreign Help Strangulated the Revolution
    • The Class Struggle in “Red” Spain
    • The Economic Organization of the Revolution
    • Taking Over of Production by the Unions
  • Anarcho-Syndicalism (From Räte-Korrespondenz)
    • The Necessity of Planned Production
    • Bolshevist vs. The Communist Mode of Production
  • Nature and Significance of “Overproduction”
    • a) Production as Reflection of Capital Accumulation
    • b) Production and Stocks
    • c) The disruption of the Accumulation Process
  • New Books
    • Leon Trotsky’s The Revolution Betrayed. Doubleday, Doran & Co., 308 p., $2.50
    • Max Eastman, The End of Socialism in Russia. Little Brown & Co., 75 cents
    • From Tzar to Lenin (A Film edited by Max Eastman) (P.W.)
    • John Strachey, The Theory and Practice of Socialism. Random House, $2.50
  • The Recovery Problem in the United States
  • Civil War in Catalonia
  • Seven Workers have been Killed

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 7-8, August

  • Much Ado About Nothing. The Future of the C.I.O.
  • Strikers and Leaders
  • Control of Markets and World Capitalism
    • [I.]
    • III. [A II. is missing]
    • IV.
    • Summary
  • “The Barricades Must be Torn Down” Moskou Fascism in Spain
  • Racketering. A Phase of Class Conflict
    • The Use of Criminals By Capitalism Against the Workers
    • Labor Unionism and Gangsterism
    • Organized Extorsion
    • Fate of the Small Capitalists
    • Conclusion

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 9-10, October

  • The War in the Far East
    • Foreword
    • Outline of Chinese History
  • Chinese Economy (to be continued)
    • Agriculture
    • Industry
  • One Year “Peoples Front” in France
  • The Old Hegelian Dialectic and the New Materialist Science (Karl Korsch)
  • The Non-Intervention Comedy Comes to and End in Spain (Hartwig)
  • Hitler’s National “Socialism”
  • Books and Pamphlets
    • After the Revolution – Economic Reconstruction in Spain Today. By D.A. Santillan. Greenburg Publishers. 127 p. $1.25
    • The Crisis and Decline of Capitalism. Published by International Council Correspondence. P.O. Box 5343, Chicago, Ill. 28 p. 10 cents
    • Economic Welfare. By Oscar Newfang. A plan for Economic Security For Every Family. 187 p. $1.50. Earnes & Nobles, Inc. New York
    • An Outline of Finance. By Arthur Woodburn. The N.C.L.C. Publishing Society, 15 South Hill Park Gardens, London, N.W.3. 181 p. 2/6
    • Social Security, by Abraham Epstein. League for Industrial Democracy, 112 E. 19th St., New York City. 38 p. 10 cents
    • Industrial Unionism in the American Labor Movement, by Theresa Wolfson and Abraham Weiss. League For Industrial Democracy. 52 p. 15 cents
    • The L:abor Spy by Gordon Hopkins. Sical Acrion 32 p. 10 cents
    • John Le Lewis Exposed by Eric Hass. New York Labor News Co. P.O. Box 1076, City Hall Station. 69 p. 10c
    • The Soviets by Albert Rhys Williams. Harcourt, Brace _ Co. 383 Madison Ave., New York City. 554 p. $3.00
    • The Letters of Lenin. Translated (and often very badly) by Elizabeth Hill and Doris Mundie. Chapman & Hall, London. Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York. 95 p. $4.00
    • The Web of Thought and Action by H. Levy-Watts & Co., London, 5 and 6 Johnson’s Court, Fleet St. E.C. 4 238 p. 2/6 net,
    • Earl Browder, Communist or Tool of Wall Street (Stalin, Trotsky or Lenin) by George Marlen. P.O. Box 67, Station D, N.Y. $1.00
    • From Lenin to Stalin by Victor Serge. Pioneer Publishers, 100 Fifth Ave. New York city. 112 p. 50 c
    • Leon Trotsky, The Stalin school of Falsification. Pioneer Publishers. 326 p. $3.50
    • L.C.R. James, World Revolution 191701936± The Rise and Fall of the Communnist International. Pioneer Publishers. 429 p. $3.50
    • The Natiional Debt and Government Credit. Twentieth Century Fund. 330 W. 42d St. New York, 1937. 169 p. $1.75
  • Unemployment and Accumulation
  • One Year People’s Front in France
  • News Notes on the C.I.O.
    • A Definition
    • Miners “Hang” Leaders
    • C.I.O. Union Curbs Locals
    • Responsability versus Irresponsability

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 3, 1937, no 11-12, December

  • T our Readers, Contributors, and Subscribers [Council Correspondence will appear in printed form]
  • The Materialistic Interpretation of History
  • The Italian Corperative State (Hartwig)
  • National Liberation Movements are Good Business (from The New Masses, Communist Party, Sept. 17, 1937)
  • The Passing of Marxian Orthodoxy. Bernstein – Kautsky – Luxemburg – Lenin (Karl Korsch)
  • Union Democracy (Chicago Daily News, Nov. 9, 1937
  • Origin and Development of the Communist Party of Germany (to be continued)
    • The Activity of Karl Liebknecht
    • The Social-Democratic Arbeitergemeinschaft
  • New Pamphlets
    • What has become of the Russian Revolution by M. Yvon. Translated by Integer. International Review, N.Y. 64 p. 25 cents
    • C.I.O. – Promise or Menace? Published by Industrial Union Party. 62 p. 5 cents
    • Rich Land, Poor Land. A Pamphlet summary of a book of the same title by Stuart Chase. League For Industrial Democracy, New York City. 27 p. 15 cents
    • The Tragedy of Spain, by Rudolf Rocker. Freie Arbeiter Stimme, New York City. 47 p. 15 cents
  • The Popular Front from the bourgeoisie to the anarchists
  • The C.I.O. breaks a Strike
  • Visit the Groups of International Council Communists [Weekly, New York and Chicago]
  • Asia and World Imperialism
    • [I.]
    • II.
  • “Stalinism and Bolshevism”
  • Is this Bolshevism, Stalinism or Hitlerism?

Living Marxism. International Council Correspondence, Volume 4, 1938-1939

Cover, preliminary pages

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1938, no 1, Februari

  • Against the Stream
    • The Future of Unemployment. Unemployment and the Labor Market
    • Unemployment and Accumulation
    • Unemployment and the Unemployed
  • Literature on Unemployment
  • Planning New Depression (from the book “Karl Marx” by Karl Korsch)
  • The Right to Work
  • Marxisme and Psychology / [Anton Pannekoek]
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
  • Book Reviews
    • Reuben Osborn, Freud and Marx
    • Upton Sinclair, The Flivver King
    • Bruce Minton and John Stuart, Men Who Led Labor

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1938, no 2, March

  • Welcome the Depression
  • “A Bird in the Hand”. Thurman W. Arnolds “The Folklore of Capitalism”
  • The Marxist Ideology in Russia / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
  • The Simple and the Complex / H.
  • What can the Unemployed do? (to be continued)
    • Unemployment and the Labor Movement in American History
    • Welfare and the Unemployed
    • “Self-Help” – The American Way
  • Book Reviews
    • Spy Overhead, the Story of Industrial Espionage, by Clinch Calkins. The Labor Spy Racker, by Leo Huberman
    • Japan and Asia, by W.H. Chamberlin
    • Forty Years of American-Japanese Relations, by Foster Rhea Dulles
    • The Origin of American Intervention in North Russia (1918), by Leonid J. Strakhovsky
    • A Real New Deal, by Charles E. Carpenter
    • Science in the Light of Marxism (Die Wissenschaft im Lichte des Marxismus), by H. Wallon, M. Prenant, H. Mineur, J. Baby and others

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1938, no 3, May

  • German Fascism on the Offensive/ S.P.
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • [III. is missing]
    • IV.
  • The Lorelei
  • Economics and Politics in Revolutionary Spain / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
  • The Dominican Republic Solves its Unemployment Problem
  • What can the Unemployed Do? (to be continued)
    • Boorlegging of Coal in Pennsylvania
    • Beyond the Confines of Private Property
    • The Struggle against Bootlegging
    • The meaning of it all
    • What Bootlegging means for the Workers
    • Nationalization of Coal
  • Book Reviews
    • America’s Stake in International Investments, The Brooking Institution
    • Caste and Class in a Southern Town, by John Dollard
    • America on Relief, by Marie Dresden Lane and Francis Steegmuller. Trends in Relief Expenditures, Works Progress Administration
    • This Question of Relief, Public Affairs Pamphlets

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1938, no 4, August

  • Organizations of the Unemployed (to be continued)
  • The Masses and the Vanguard
  • Communist Production and Distribution
  • Marxism and the Present Task of the Proletarian Class Struggle / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
  • Southern Negroes
  • Book Reviews
    • “Eagle Forgotten”. The Life of John Peter Altgeld, by Harry Barnard

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1938, no 5, November

  • The World War in the Making
    • Czechoslovakia – the Stepping Stone
    • The Future of the Danube
    • “They Dress Like Mourners, Yet Rejoice”
    • American “Isolation”
    • We Are All Marxists Now
  • Lenin’s Philosophy (Some additional remarks to J. Harper’s recent criticism of Lenin’s book “Materialism and Empirio-Ctiticism”) / l.h. [=Karl Korsch
    • Leninism Goes West
    • Leninism versus Machism
    • The Present Impact of Lenin’s Materialistic Philosophy
  • Genral Remarks on the Question of Organization / J. Harper [=Anton Pannekoek]
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
  • A “Marxian” Approach to the Jewish Question

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1939, no 6, April

  • The Jitterbugs (“Their Extacy is without content”, T.W. Adorno)
    • Hitler Lied!
    • Stalin and Hitler
    • The Peoples’ Front
    • Officials make Escape
  • Union Unity?
  • The Concentration Camp Grows
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
    • VIII.
  • Collectivization in Spain / Karl Korsch
  • Marxism and Marginal Utility Economics
  • Book Reviews
    • Karl Marx, by Karl Korsch
    • The School for Dicatators, by Ignazio Silone / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
    • The Story of the C.I.O., by Benjamin Stolberg. Labor’s New Millions, by Mary Heaton Vorse
    • Lige of a rebel, by Angelica Balabanoff

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1939, no 7, June

  • Karl Kautsky, From Marx to Hitler
  • The Struggle for Democracy
  • Curbing Big Business? / P.W.
  • Discussion. On the Impotence of Revolutionary Groups / Sam Moss
    • [I.]
    • II.
  • Book Reviews
    • The State and the Socialist Revolution, by Martov
    • Mussolini’s Roman Empire, by Geoffroy T. Garrat
    • Apostles of Revolution, by Max Nomad
    • The Origin of the Inequality of the Social Classes, by Gunnar Landtman
    • American Labor, by Herbert Harris. Union of Their Own Chossing, by Robert R.R. Brooks
    • The New Deal in Action, by A.M. Schlesinger

  International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, 1939, no 8, September

  • Security With 403’s
    • What you ought to know about relief and WPA
    • The dream was short
    • The wonders of WPA
    • Why do these things happen?
    • Divide and rule
    • And your organizations?
    • What is to be done?
  • On the Economic Theory of Socialism
  • The Struggle against Fascism begins with the Struggle against Bolshevism
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
  • Book Reviews
    • World Communism, a History of the Communist International, by F. Borkenau

Living Marxism. International Council Correspondence / New Essays, Volume 5-6, 1940-1943

Cover, preliminary pages

    Living Marxism. International Council Correspondence, Vol. 5, 1940, no 1, Spring

  • The War is Permanent
    • War and Capitalism
    • Economic Contradictions
    • Colonization and Imperialisme
    • Imperialism and Fascism
    • Transformation by War
    • The Fascist World Revolution
    • Ending the Was
  • The End of Bourgeois Economics [to be continued]
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
  • The Historical Character of the War and the Task of the Working Class (Antwerpen, October 1939, Alpha)
    • 1. This War is a Fascist War, Accelerating the Fascization of the World
    • 2. Anti-Fascists, Opposed tot the War, have Notting in Common with Belligerents
    • 3. Total Mobilization is Contradictory to Totally Monopolistic War
    • 4. The World War, The Last Liberal Wat, Has Resulted in Fascism
    • 5. The Shock-Troop Principle, Whose Logical Conclusion is the Call for the Worker’s Council, Is Distorted in Its Fascist Application
    • 6. From the World War to the Present War
    • 7. Further Growth of the Constrast Between Principles of the Worker’s Order and the Monopolistic Rule of the World Produced by the War
    • 8. Implications for Working Class Action
    • 9. Three Possible Events
    • 10. How Great Is the Precision in the Work of Soldiers! How Great Is the Confusion Resulting From the Exertions of Statesmen!
  • Book Reviews
    • Death Is Not Enough, Essays in active Negation, by Michael Fraenkel
    • The Marxist Philosophy and the Sciences, by J.B.D. Haldane / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]

    Living Marxism. International Council Correspondence, Vol. 5, 1940, no 2, Fall

  • Leon Trotsky
  • Prelude to Hitler. The Internal Politics of Germany: 1918-1933 / Karl Korsch
  • Which Side to Take? / Otto Rühle
  • Why Past Revolutionary Movements Failed / Anton Pannekoek
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
  • The Fascist Counter Revolution / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
    • Duscussion. Some Questions concerning K.K.’s “The Fascist Counter-Revolution” / M.R.
    • Answer / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
  • Long Live the War
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
    • VIII.
    • IX.
    • X
  • Book Reviews
    • The New German Empire, by F. Borkenau / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
    • Life and Work of Rosa Luxemburg, by Paul Frölich

    Living Marxism. International Council Correspondence, Vol. 5, 1941, no 3, Winter

  • Fascism made in the U.S.A. / Paul Mattick
    • On Definitions
    • The End of the Capitalist Revolution
    • Population and Profits
    • Frontiers and Easy Wars
    • The Decline of Capitalism
    • The Industrial Revolution of “Socialism”
    • The Blessings of Fascism
    • The Dynamics of War and Revolution. Reply / Laurence Dennis
    • Rejoinder / P.M. [=Paul Mattick]
  • The Workers’ Fight Against Fascism / Karl Korsch
    • Ambiguities of Democracy
    • An Economic Pythia
    • A New Fighting Ground
    • The Corporate Community
    • The End of the Market
    • The Viewpoint of the Workers
  • The War for a Better World / Luenike
  • Book Reviews
    • The Bolsheviks and the World War. The Origin of the Third International, by Olga Hess Gankin and H.H. Faber
    • The Defenders, by Franz Höllering
    • Economic Aspects of the Monroe Doctrine, by T.H. Reynolds

    Living Marxism. International Council Correspondence, Vol. 5, 1941, no 4, Spring

  • The Fight for Britain, the Fight for Democracy, and the War Aims of the Working Class (Prolegomena to a political discussion) / Beta
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
  • From Liberalism to Fascism / Luenika
    • [I.]
    • II.
  • Revolution for What? A critical comment on Jan Valtin’s “Out of the Night” L.H. [=Karl Korsch]
  • Man and Society in an Age of Reconstruction / Paul Mattick
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
    • VIII.
    • IX.
    • X.
  • Book Reviews
    • Towards Full Use of Resources [Report The Structure of American Economy] / Karl Korsch
    • Class and American Sociology. From Ward to Ross, by Charles Hunt Page
    • The World of Nations. A Study of the National Implications in the Work of Karl Marx, by Solomon F. Bloom

     Living Marxism. International Council Correspondence, Vol. 6, 1941, no 1, Fall

  • War and Revolution / Karl Korsch
  • Stages of Totalitarian Economy / H. Bruggers
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
  • Two Man in a Boat – Not to Speak of the Eight Points / Paul Mattick
    • After the Debacle
    • Hitler as Peace Angel
    • You cannot Trust Hitler
    • British Imperialism: Old and New
    • The End of Apeasement
    • The Struggle for England
    • The German-Russian War
    • America-Germany-Japan
    • German Europe
    • Hitler’s “Secret” Weapon
    • The Atlantic Brenner
  • Book Reviews
    • Workers Before and After Lenin. Fifty Years of Russian Labor, by Manya Gordon

     New Essays. A Quarterly Devoted to the Study of Modern Society, Vol. 6, 1942, no 2, Fall

  • Notes on History / Karl Korsch
    • The Ambiguities of Totalitarian Ideologies
    • The Old and the New Imperialism
    • Revolutionary and Counter/Revolutionary Aspects of Totalitarianism
    • The Historical Philosophy of Nazism
    • The age of Pan/Historism
    • Towards a New Function of Historical Knowlegde
  • Materialism and Historical Materialism / J. Harper [=Anton Pannekoek]
    • [I.]
    • II.
  • Marxism and Empiricism. Preliminary Remarks / Fred
  • The Heydrich Pattern / Alpha
  • What Destroyed Democracy? An Analysis of Capitalist Technology / Julien Coffinet
  • The Structure and Practice of Totalitarianism / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
    • Why Behemoth?
    • The Legal Mind
    • Ideology versus History
    • The Native Returns
  • The Marxian Dialectic and its Recent Critics (to be continued)
    • Introduction
    • I. Development of Bougeois Science and Philosophy
    • [II.] Metaphysics and Emprirism
  • Book Reviews
    • The Structure of the Nazi Economy, by Maxime Y. Sweezy. The Social Policy of Nazi Germany, by C.W. Gauillebaud / P.M. [=Paul Mattick]
    • Foundations of Modern World Society, by Linden A. Mauder / M.
    • The Nature of Modern Warfare, by Cyrill Falls / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
    • Challenge to Karl Marx, by John Kenneth Turner/ Luenika

     New Essays. A Quarterly Devoted to the Study of Modern Society, Vol. 6, 1943, no 3, Spring

  • Wilson vs. Roosevelt: Reflection on a Charter / Dwight MacDonald
  • A Historical View of Geopolitics / Karl Korsch
    • The Status of Geopolitik in the U.S.
    • The Historical Approach
    • From MacKinder to Haushofer
  • The Bureaucratic Spirit / Sebastian Frank
  • Marxism and Pragmatism / C.P. West
  • Competition and Monopoly / Paul Mattick
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
    • VIII.
  • Philosophy and the State (continuation of The Marxian Dialectic and its Recent Critics, to be continued)
  • Book Reviews
    • And Keep Your Powder Dry! An Anthropologist, by Margaret Mead / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
    • Escape from Freedom, by Erich Fromm / Victor Serge
    • Make This the Last War, by Michael Straight / W.B.
    • The Silent War. The Underground Movement in Germany, by J.B. Jansen end Stefan Weyl / M.
    • The Principle of Power. The Great Crisis of History, by Guglielmo Ferrero / M.
    • Conditions of Peace, by Edward Hallet Carr / M.

     New Essays. A Quarterly Devoted to the Study of Modern Society, Vol. 6, 1943, no 4, Winter

  • Vladimir Korolenko / Rosa Luxemburg (July 1918), translated by Frieda Mattick
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
  • The Modern Machiavellians / Paul Mattick
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
  • Societal Implications of Russian Resistance / George Kimmelman
  • Pragmatism: the Logic of Capitalism / C.P. West
    • [I.]
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
    • V.
    • VI.
    • VII.
  • [Book Reviews]
    • Germany’s Master Plan. The Story of Industrial Offensive, by Joseph Borkin and Charles A. Welsh
    • In Defense of Marxism. Against the Petty-Bougeois Opposition, by Leon Trotsky


1. From: La contre-révolution bureaucratique ; Articles de Karl Korsch, Paul Mattick, Anton Pannekoek, Otto Rühle, Helmut Wagner. – [Paris] : Union Générale d’Édition, 1973. – 312 p. This book was translated from French into Portuguese: A Contra-Revolução Burocrática, Artigos de Karl Korsch, Paul Mattick, Anton Pannekoek, Otto Rühle, Helmut Wagner. – Coimbra : Centelho, 1978. – 318 p.

2. The names were provided by Gary Roth, email of 14 December 2015.